Visit Website Did you know? The term 'cold war' first appeared in a essay by the English writer George Orwell called 'You and the Atomic Bomb.
This tension was witnessed between the time the Second World War was coming to an end and the Soviet Union dissolution in The Cold War featured military, economic, and geo- political rivalries between the West and the Communism international supporters which resulted to several wars.
Even though there was a result of the political and economic An essay on the origins of the cold war between the Soviet Union and the United States, the two nations never fought each other directly. The conflict was majorly based on the competing economic and political systems between the two nations.
The Communist system employed by the Soviet Union together with its allies and democratic Capitalism used by the United States together with its allies. This period featured intense economic and political rivalry as well as military and diplomatic posturing between these nations.
These years were also host to dramatic military spending increases, hyperbolic rhetoric among leaders from both leaders, high tensions, and thousands and millions of casualties of proxy wars such as the Korean war, the bay of pigs invasion, Cuban missile crisis, the Vietnam war and the Soviet-Afghan war across Africa, Latin America and Asia.
The parties involved considered their political and economic systems to be superior to their rivals and viewed almost every event taking places globally as to be part of the ongoing confrontation in an effort to determine which between Communism and Capitalism would emerge as the prevailing ideology across the globe.
The Soviets tried hard to spread the political and economic Communism system to other countries, while the United States on its side was promoting its democracy vision and free enterprise. This competition resulted to several small-scale military conflicts as well as dozens of major wars that attracted armed forces from both nations.
However, as the name of the war suggests, no direct military engagement was witnessed between the two nations.
The origins of this was can be traced back when the Soviet Union and America were still allies in the Second World War. These two countries had a mutual suspicion history and both maintained their respective and different position on the way the postwar Europe was to be administered.
Each nation was out to reconstruct Europe in their own desired image through Soviet-aligned Communists governments or Western-style democracies. In addition, the Soviets and its allies wanted to come up with a buffer zone that was pro-Russian which would protect them from possible attacks in future.
These conflicting visions between the two nations clearly came out during the Meetings of British, Soviet diplomats and American diplomas in and the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences. The three leaders had met to discuss wartime strategy in coming up with the United Nations, and the Europe reconstruction.
Yalta at that period was a popular resort situated in the Ukraine and served as the meeting place for the three leaders to discuss the future of Eastern Europe and Germany while at the same time, their respective army forces were closing in on Hitler.
Stalin committed himself to creating a coalition government consisting of democratic Polish government representatives exiled in London. Roosevelt and Churchill correctly suspected that his plans were to come up with an interim government that would be under the leadership of pro-Soviet Communists.
The allies had valid reasons to be concerned about the way this process would be democratic considering the actions in Poland by the Red Army that had taken place the previous year. Even though the allies from the West feared that Stalin was likely to turn Poland into a puppet state of the Communists, they were in no position to demand otherwise taking into consideration the fact that the complete occupation by the Red Army of Eastern Europe.
The three leaders still discussed Europe reconstruction and resolved to divide Berlin and Germany into British, American, and Soviet and French sectors. Like their predecessors, Truman and Attlee recognized the futility associated with a military challenge to the position taken by Stalin in Eastern Europe.
The leaders instead directed their efforts towards determining how Eastern Europe might be administered and divided by the Soviets in a manner that would foster both genuine independence and reconstruction.
There hope was that the presence of the Soviet Army was temporary and that new national boundaries were to be established across Eastern Europe in a move to prevent conflicts in future. The leaders taking part in the Potsdam Conference tried to divide Europe into nations in accordance to the self-determination doctrine.
Unfortunately, tremendous political and ethnic strife across Eastern Europe slowed down the process. The people dominating Eastern Europe chose to remove ethnic and national minorities. It was not long before this ethnic, political and economic strife spread all over Southern Europe in areas such as Italy, Greece and also to Western nations like France.
The postwar settlement was in such away that the victorious allies were still undecided about the fate of Germany. Apart from having Germany divided into four zones, the German army was disbanded, while the National Socialists Party was abolished permanently. The infrastructure of the nation was in shambles after the combined onslaught of the Soviet and Western armies, and this lead to the creation of a special council to administer humanitarian aid.
Each of the four countries come up with interim governments in their own zones and prepared themselves for special elections that everyone hoped would result in democratic and stable governance so as to avoid that past instability that were witnessed after the World War I Following the extreme harsh conditions Russia had to endure, the leaders settled on reparations as a way of punishing Germany as they build up their military.
This resulted to the conflict between the four nations in power as the West intended to rebuild a Germany that was democratic and able to stand on its own. This made the West to be against the demands by Soviet for reparations in their own Germany sectors.
Within the Eastern Germany Soviet sector, the provisional government also tried to facilitate the reconstruction of the economy of German, but its military happened to seize most of the economic assets of the nation as war reparations and this ended up hindering the reconstruction efforts.
While most of the Americans were for the idea of Russian leaders punishing their attackers, America as a nation had prospered in the war and its outmost priority was on the promotion of global recovery and avoiding the political and economic stability that has resulted to the establishment of totalitarian governments.- This is an interview project with the goal of discovering how people understand the Cold War.
In this essay, I will analyze how people understand the Cold War today. The United States and the Origins of the Cold War ] Better Essays words | ( pages) | Preview. The Unparalleled Effect of Nuclear Technologies and Politics on the. The Cold War was a conflict that dominated the people of Earth for half a decade.
The two clashing titans never fought directly with each other on the military level, but both were drawn into conflicts that split the world in to.
All of the conflicts of the world, with the exception of those in. Origins of the Cold War Essay Words | 5 Pages Origins of the Cold War Revisionist historians tend to regard the outbreak of the "Cold War" as a result of American hostility or, at least, diplomatic incompetence, while the more traditional view lays the responsibility .
Origins of the Cold War Essay Topics. While the first half of the 20th century was dominated by two of the largest conflicts mankind has ever seen, the second half was dominated by a different. Origins of the Cold War Essay Words | 5 Pages.
Origins of the Cold War Revisionist historians tend to regard the outbreak of the "Cold War" as a result of American hostility or, at least, diplomatic incompetence, while the more traditional view lays the responsibility .
Nov 20, · The origins of the Cold War Many American historians state that the Cold War began in However, according to Russian researchers, historians and analysts “the Cold War began with the Bolshevik Revolution in , for this was when the capitalist world began its systematic opposition to and effort to undermine the world’s first /5(14).